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Situated Messages for Asynchronous Human-Robot Interaction

An ongoing issue in human robot interaction (HRI) is how people and robots communicate with one another. While there is considerable work in real-time human-robot communication, fairly little has been done in asynchronous realm. Our approach, which we call situated messages, lets humans and robots asynchronously exchange information by placing physical tokens – each representing a simple message – in meaningful physical locations of their shared environment. Using knowledge of the robot’s routines, a person can place a message token at a location, where the location is typically relevant to redirecting the robot’s behavior at that location. When the robot passes nearby that location, it detects the message and reacts accordingly. Similarly, robots can themselves place tokens at specific locations for people to read. Thus situated messages leverages embodied interaction, where token placement exploits the everyday practices and routines of both people and robots. We describe our working prototype, introduce application scenarios, explore message categories and usage patterns, and suggest future directions.

Nicolai Marquardt, James Young, Ehud Sharlin, and Saul Greenberg. 2009. Situated messages for asynchronous human-robot interaction. In Adjunct Proceedings (late-breaking reports) of the 4th ACM/IEEE international conference on Human robot interaction (HRI '09). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 301-302. DOI=10.1145/1514095.1514186 http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1514095.1514186

Bibtext Entry


  author = {Marquardt, Nicolai and Young, James and Sharlin, Ehud and Greenberg, Saul},

  title = {Situated Messages for Asynchronous Human-robot Interaction},

  booktitle = {Adjunct Proceedings (late breaking reports) of the 4th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human Robot Interaction},

  year = {2009},

  pages = {301--302},

  doi = {10.1145/1514095.1514186},

  publisher = {ACM},

  address = {New York, NY, USA},

  keywords = {RFID, asynchronous interaction, human-robot interaction, situated messages}



James E.Young

James E.Young


As well as: Nicolai Marquardt, Ehud Sharlin, Saul Greenberg